Anzac Day

Anzac Day
On April 25, 1915, eight months into the First World War, Allied soldiers landed on the shores of the Gallipoli peninsula. This was Turkish territory that formed part of Germany's ally, the Ottoman Empire. The troops were there as part of a plan to open the Dardanelles Strait to the Allied fleets, allowing them to threaten the Ottoman capital Istanbul and, it was hoped, force a Turkish surrender. The Allied forces encountered unexpectedly strong resistance from the Turks, and both sides suffered enormous loss of life.
ANZAC Day as being the Australia's and New Zealand’s most important national occasion, marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War. ANZAC acronym stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers in those forces quickly became known as ANZACs, and the pride they soon took in that name endures to this day as a result, one day in the year has involved the whole of Australia in solemn ceremonies of remembrance, gratitude and national pride for all our men and women who have fought and died in all wars. That day is ANZAC Day - 25 April. The importance of 'Anzac' to New Zealand is enshrined in law. The use of the term 'Anzac' has been protected since 1916. The current Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection Act 1981 (section 17) states says that, 'The Governor-General may... prohibit, regulate, or control the use in connection with any business, trade, or occupation of the word "Anzac" or of any other word that so closely resembles the word "Anzac" as to be likely to deceive or mislead any person.'

The Importance of Anzac Day
In 1914, Australia had been a federal commonwealth for only fourteen years. The new national government was eager to establish its reputation among the nations of the world. In 1915 Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula to open the way to the Black Sea for the allied navies. The plan was to capture Istanbul, capital of the Ottoman Empire and an ally of Germany. They landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold stroke to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915 the allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers were killed. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians at home and 25 April quickly became the day on which Australians remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in war.
Though the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives of capturing Constantinople and knocking Turkey out of the war, the Australian and New Zealand troops' actions during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as an "Anzac legend" became an important part of the national identity of both nations. This shaped the ways they viewed both their past and their future.

ANZAC Requiem:
On this day, above all days, we remember those Australian and New Zelland men and women who died or suffered in the great tragedy of war.
On the morning of April 25th, 1915, Australian and New Zealand troops landed under fire at Gallipoli, and it was then and in the violent campaign which followed, that the ANZAC tradition was forged. The elements of that tradition have inspired and offered an enduring example to later generations of Australians.
Each year the commemorations follow a pattern that is familiar to each generation of Australians and NewZelland. A typical ANZAC Day service contains the following features: introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, recitation, "The last post", a period of silence, "The rouse" or "The reveille", and the National Anthem. At the Australian War Memorial, following events such as the ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day services, families often place red poppies beside the names of relatives on the Memorial's Rolling on.

Anzac Day services on the Gallipoli Peninsula are conducted by Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Britain and France. Seervices are held on 24 and 25 April.
The times below for the commemorative services are indicative and may change.

Tuesday 24 April

09:00-10:40 Turkish International Service, Mehmetcik Abide
11:00-11:25 French Memorial Service, Morto Bay
11:45-12:10 Commonwealth Memorial Service, Cape Helles

Wednesday 25 April

05:30-06:15 Dawn Service, Anzac Commemorative Site, North Beach
10:30-11:15 Australian Memorial Service, Lone Pine
11:30-12:15 Turkish 57th Regiment Memorial Service
12:30-13:15 New Zealand Memorial Service, Chunuk Bair

All the commemorative services are open to the public. However, due to the walking distances between the commemorative sites, it is generally not possible to attend all services on 25 April. Those attending the Dawn Service at the Anzac Commemorative Site can go on to attend the Australian service at Lone Pine, the Turkish 57th Regiment service or the New Zealand service at Chunuk Bair.

Dawn Service to Lone Pine
After completion of the Dawn Service at approximately 06:15 hours, visitors are encouraged to walk along the coast and up to Lone Pine Cemetery. This 2.5 kilometre walk takes visitors past the Ari Burnu, Beach, Shrapnel Valley and Shell Green Cemeteries. The route is well sign posted.

Lone Pine to Turkish 57th Regiment Memorial
After the conclusion of the service at Lone Pine there is only limited time to walk from Lone Pine to the Turkish 57th Regiment Memorial service. The Turkish service starts approximately fifteen minutes after the conclusion of the Lone Pine service. The walk between these two services is approximately thirty minutes.

Lone Pine to Chunuk Bair
The walking time between Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair is approximately one hour and fifteen minutes. The route slopes uphill past the Turkish 57th Regiment Memorial and is approximately 3.3 kilometres. As you walk to Chunuk Bair, please respect the fact that a Turkish service is in progress at the Turkish 57th Regiment Memorial.

Management of traffic at the commemorations is the sole responsibility of the Turkish Jandarma. The number of large vehicles on narrow roads with limited turning facilities means that traffic control remains a major challenge. Travel by passenger car to these services is not permitted. Those attending Anzac Day services on the Peninsula should note these limitations and expected delays and plan their visit accordingly.
Coaches will not be permitted to travel through the Anzac Commemorative Site from the afternoon of 24 April 2007. It is anticipated that coaches will be stopped short of the site and visitors will be required to walk from the drop off point to the Anzac Commemorative Site, under 1.5 kilometres. Further information about traffic arrangements will be provided by the announcer on site.

Temporary tiered seating is installed at the Anzac Commemorative Site, Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair for the Anzac Day services. Reserved seating is only available for the official party and people requiring special assistance. Seating is not reserved for tour groups. There are tiered seating and ground areas where groups and individuals may sit.
Toilets are available at the Kabatepe Museum but few other places in the Anzac area. Temporary toilets and hand washing facilities are installed from 22-25 April inclusive at the Anzac Commemorative Site, Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair. There is no running water and no power or lighting except that provided by generators for the services.
Local Turkish food and drink vendors sell limited quantities of their products within the Gallipoli Park. Rubbish disposal is provided and visitors are asked to dispose of rubbish thoughtfully or, where possible, take their rubbish with them.
The consumption of alcohol within the National Park is not permitted. Please do not bring alcohol to the commemorative sites as it will be confiscated on entry.
Lost Property
If you lose or find property during the commemorations, please notify a member of the Visitor Services Team (identifiable by their orange vests). Following the commemorations, enquiries can be directed to [email protected]
The commemorative sites are very exposed to the elements and can be exceedingly cold in the pre dawn hours.
Those attending the services generally arrive at the Anzac Commemorative Site a number of hours before the commencement of the Dawn Service. Visitors will be seated or be standing on the grassed area of the Anzac Commemorative Site.
While safety lighting is installed at the Anzac Commemorative Site for the evening of 24 April 2007 and for the Dawn Service, visitors may wish to bring torches.
During April, the Gallipoli Peninsula can experience extremely cold temperatures at night, with high temperatures during the day. There is no shelter available at the commemorative sites, and there may be limited access to coaches during the commemorations. Coaches may be parked some considerable distance from the site. Visitors should ensure that they are appropriately equipped for cold, wet, and windy weather, and that they take appropriate clothing with them when they disembark from their coach on arrival.
Visitors should expect to walk several kilometres throughout the day. A small day pack may be useful to carry extra clothing and drinking water.
The lighting of fires in the National Park is prohibited.
First Aid
First aid facilities will be provided from midday on 24 April and during the day of 25 April.
Limited assistance is available for people who are unable to walk from the coach drop off point to the Anzac Commemorative Site and between services. People requiring special needs assistance can obtain further information from the Department of Veterans' Affairs by e-mailing [email protected], or telephoning (+61 2) 6289 4857. You can also write to:

Gallipoli Projects Section
PO Box 21
You should do this well ahead of Anzac Day.
The infomation above was taken from the official website of Australian Government Department of Veterans Affairs