Several changes had occured in Assos since the first settlement in the early bronze age about 3 rd millenium B.C. In the Hommer’s account, it was claimed that the southern shores of Troad were belong to Lelegians and they made their living as seamen and pirates during the years of the Trojan wars. It was claimed that the oldest name of the city was Pedasos and the name Assos was derived from it. On the other hand, Behram, the present name of the area, is a derivation of Makhram, Byzantine official who came to Assos on duty. Due to its strategic location by the sea, several civilizations were inhabited around the site such as Lydians, Persians, Gallians, Pergamons, Latinians, Seljukians and the Ottomans.
The acropolis of Assos, built on a hill dominating both sea and land is about 238 metres above the sea-level and is surrounded by walls about 3 Km. in lenght. The hill offers spectacular views of the Aegean sea and the nearby Greek island of Lesbos.The temple of Athena, the bouleterion consisting of statuettes, small monumental buildings, and the gymnasium, the theater, the stoa, the necropolis and the agora can be stated as the finest examples of the ruins.
In the village part, 14 th century Murat Hudavendigar Mosque, 6th century Byzantine church, and the 600 year old bridge crossing the river can be stated as some of the other monuments worth to visit. At the bottom of the hill by the sea, the hourbour, and several old stone houses take you to the mystic atmospere of a relaxing small town.
Between 384 -387 B.C. , Aristotale, Plato’s most famous student, was also invited to Assos by Hermeias, student and friend of Aristotale, and spent over three years living and teaching there. He conducted his early explotary work in zoology, biology and botony, and gave lectures at the gymnasium. Along with other Platonists Xenokrates also lived in Hermeias' palace for a while. During the Byzantine period, Assos was one of the first cities in Western Anatolia, who accept Christianity. This could be considered as the result of St. Paul's and St. Lucas' visit to the city. When St. Paul came to Assos from Alexandria Troas on foot and met St. Lucas there, then they sailed to Lesbos.
Beside the several ancient and historical places in Asssos, Alexandria Troas, Chryse in Gulpinar, the shrine of Apollo Smintheus with luted pilars, the altar of Zeus in Adatepe village, which was mentioned in Iliad of Homer can be staded some of the other places worth to visit.